Chennai Historical Events from 1639 to 1988.
Madras day is celebrated on August 22nd.
The events mentioned below taken and formatted from
|1639||Madras founded .
The English get Madras Patnam from Ayyapa Naicker.
|1640||Francis Day and Cogan landed with 25 Europeans.
Foundation laid for Fort St.George.
|1668||Triplicane annexed to the city.|
|1678||Foundation laid for St. Mary’s Church in Fort St. George.|
|1679||St.Mary’s Church Completed.|
|1688||Madras City Municipal Corporation inaugurated.|
|1693||Egmore, Purasawalkam and Tondiarpet annexed to the City.|
|1708||Thiruvottiyur, Nungambakkam, Vyasarpady,
Kottivakkam and Sathangadu -
Five neighbouring Villages annexed;
wall built around Black Town.
|1711||First Printing Press erected in Madras.|
|1735||Chintadripet was formed.|
|1742||Veperi, Perimet, Perambur and Pudupakkam annexed to the city.|
|1746||The French return Madras to the English;
Santhome and Mylapore annexed to the City.
|1758||French Commander Lawly siege Madras.|
|1759||French siege ended.|
|1767||Hyder Ali’s first invasion.|
|1768||Chepauk palace built by Nawab of Arcot.|
|1769||Hyder Ali’s Second invasion.|
|1777||Veerappillai appointed as First Kotthawal-
Hence the name Kotthawal Chavadi.
|1783||Fort St. George repaired and attains the present shape.|
|1784||The First Newspaper –Madras Courier.|
|1785||First Post Office.|
|1795||Triplicane Big Mosque-Walajah Mosque built.|
|1817||Madras Literary Society founded.|
|1826||Board of Public Instructions founded.|
|1831||First Commercial Bank –Madras Bank.
First Census in the City Population 39,785.
|1832||Madras Club founded.|
|1834||First Survey School inaugurated –
Later developed as Engineering College.
|1835||First Medical College –
Later became Madras Christian College.
|1841||Ice House was built –
Ice brought from America through ships was stored here;
Later named as Vivekananda House.
|1842||First Light House.|
|1846||Pachaiappan School; Later Pachaiappa’s College.|
|1855||University Board formed.|
|1856||First Railway –Royapuram to Arcot.|
|1857||Madras University founded.|
|1864-65||Presidency College built.|
|1868||Attempt to protected water supply.|
|1873||First Birth Registered.
Madras Mail Newspaper founded.
Cosmopolitan Club founded.
|1874||University Senate house built.|
|1876-78||Great Famine – Buckingham Canal dug.|
|1878||The Hindu Newspaper founded.|
|1885||Marina Beach Road formed.|
|1886||Indian National Congress Meet at Madras.
Connemera Public Library founded.
|1889||High Court Building foundation laid.|
|1894||First Car – Mr. A.J. Boag, Director of Parry&Co,
drove the Car on City Roads.
|1895||First Tram Car.|
|1899||First Tamil Newspaper-Swadesamitran.|
|1905||Port Trust formed.|
|1906||Indian Bank founded.
King Institute, Guindy founded.
|1914||Water mains and drainage formed.
Street lights introduced.
Kilpauk water works inaugurated.
Endon German fighter Vessel bombarded the sea shore and
disappeared - First World War.
Simpson & Co., arranged for the trial flight.
|1924||School of Indian Medicine.|
First Bus Transport.
|1930||First Broadcasting Station founded at Ripon Buildings Complex.|
|1934||First Mayor - Raja Sir. Muthiah Chettiyar|
|1938||All India Radio formed and
broadcasting from Ripon Buildings ceased.
|1942||Second World War - Evacuation of Madras.|
|1943||Japanese Fighter Plane dropped bombs on City and disappeared.|
|Mambalam, Saidapet, Govt. Farm, Puliyur, Kodambakkam,
Saligramam, Adayar and Alandur Villages which formed part of
Saidapet Municipality were annexed to the city.
Sembiyam, Siruvallur, Peravallur, Small Sembarambakkam
Aminjikarai, Periyakudal, Maduvankarai Villages which formed
Part of Velacheri Village belonging to Velacheri Panchayat Board
|1947||Indian National Flag Hoisted over Fort. St. George.|
|1959||Guindy Children’s Park.|
|1969||World Tamil Congress.|
|1972||Madras Metropolitan Development Authority.|
|1973||Madras Corporation Superceded.|
Madras Television Centre.
|1976||New Light House.|
|1977||Madras Metropolitan Water supply and Sewage Board
Kanagam, Taramani, Thiruvanmiyur, Velacheri, Kodambakkam,
Virugambakkam, Saligramam, Koyambedu, Thirumangalam,
Villivakkam, Errukancheri, Kolathur, Kodungaiyur
Panchayat areas annexed to the City;
Madras reaches the present stage.
|1983||Zoo shifted to Vandalur.|
|1988||Periyar Science Park
Madras Corporation’s Tri-centenary.
Decentralisation of Administration.
10 Circles formed.
A city deserves to celebrate its birthday.
And Madras, that is Chennai certainly deserves it.
So a small group of people who love this city launched a unique celebration in 2004.
The founding day of Madras is considered to be August 22, 1639.
It was on that day, in that year, that a sliver of land, where Fort. St. George stands today, was transacted by the East India Company.
The deal was struck by Francis Day, his ‘dubash’ Beri Thimmappa, and their superior, Andrew Cogan, with the local Nayak rulers.
It is believed that this deal was made on August 22, 1639.
Out of the fort, grew settlements. Then the villages around it were brought together.
And then, the old and new townes linked up. And then we had the city.
Today, Chennai stands tall for a variety of reasons. Education, healthcare, IT, history, tourism, auto industries, movies, etc.
And yes, it also has its warts.
Madras Day celebrates the city.
Madras Day was an idea that three people put together – the city’s famed historian, S. Muthiah, journalist Sashi Nair and publisher Vincent D’ Souza. Today, they have been joined by three others – senior journalist and editor Sushila Ravindranath, journalist and web site entrepreneur Revathi R and entrepreneur and writer-historian V. Sriram.
Madras Day focuses on the city, its history, its past and its present and the core team motivates communities, groups, companies and campuses in the city to host events that celebrate the city.
Heritage walks, school exchange programmes, talks and contests, poetry and music and quiz, food fests and rallies, photo exhibitions and bike tours . . . . these and more are the ways in which the city is celebrated.
In order to enlarge participation, the Madras Day has been expanded to create the Madras Week.
In 2010, MADRAS WEEK will be celebrated from August 15 to 22.
MADRAS DAY, as always, is August 22
If you wish to organise, collaborate or host an event for MADRAS WEEK and need guidance / info, please send an email to – firstname.lastname@example.org